EBET真人

EBET真人
洪深

hongshen(1894——1955)ziqianzai,haobojun。jiangsuchangzhouren。juzuojia、daoyanyishujiahewenyililunjia,zhongguodianying、huajudekaituozhe,kangzhanwenyixianfengzhanshi。1934——1936nianrenqingdaoebetzhenrenwaiwenxizhuren。

EBET真人hongshen1894nianchuxishengyujiangsuchangzhou。taqingnianshidaijiuduocaiduoyi,zaozaiqinghuadaxuejiudugongkeshi,jiuaihaowenyi,chuangzuoguodumuju。heluxun、guomoruoxianshengzaonianliuyangxueyi,houlaizhuanxiangwenyigongzuodejinglixiangsi,tacongqinghuabiyehou,fumeiliuxuetaocigongcheng,dantajifenyuguoneijunfahunzhan,youlvyuguozhengrishuai,minbuliaosheng,yiranjuerandifangqigongkezhuanye,baozhegaigerenxin,gaigeshehuidezhixiang,juexinzuoyigeyibushengshixiangshehuitiaozhandeyongshi,daohafodaxuezhuangongxijuhewenxue,chengweizhongguodiyigexuexixijudeliuxuesheng。xuexiqijian,chuangzuole《hong》、《niulangzhinv》、《mulancongjun》dengyingwenju,peiheleguoneiwusiyundong,kangyibalihehuiguafenzhongguodeyinmou。

EBET真人zhongguozaoqihuajuchengweixinju,daole1919nianwusiyundongzhiqian,xinjuyijingmeiluochengweiexingshangyehuade“wenmingxi”,tiaoruzijikaijuedefenmule。20niandaichu,hongshenbayizhengtaochuangzaowutaiyishudebiandaozhidu,yanchutizhihefangfacongguowaidailehuilai,taheouyangyuqian、tianhanliangweidashiyidaocongbutongfangmianshulilexindejingshen,kaituolezhongguoxinxinghuajudexianhe,bingshizhizhubuzoushangjinbudexianshizhuyizhilu。hongshenqingchudikandaoyijingshuaituide“wenmingxi ”dezhongzhongbiduan,zhenfengxiangduiditichu: yanxibixuyouwanzhengdewenxuejuben,bixuyouyangedepaiyanzhidu,yaoyoujilv,jianjueshixingnannvheyan,yijibixujianliyixilieguizhangzhidudengdeng。ruguomeiyoutazaiyipianhundunheianzhongchongfengxianzhen,dapodali,tuichenchuxin,fayangshouchuangjingshen,ebetzhenrendehuajukongpahaiyaowanruoganniancainengzaizhongguodadiluodishenggen。1942nianmaoduncengyinyongyiweiguanzhongdehuashuo“yuanlaizaijingxihewenmingxiyiwai,haiyouzheiyangdexi!” zheiyangdexi“jiushihongshenxianshengzai 1928nianchangyidingmingde‘huaju’”。

EBET真人cong1924nianqi,tatoushenyuzhongguodedianyingshiye,cinian,tajiuzai《dongfangzazhi》shangfabiaolezhongguodiyigebijiaowanzhengdedianyingjuben《shentushi》,1927nian,meiguofamingleyoushengdianyinghou,hongshenqinziqumeiguodinggouyoushengpianqicaihehepinqingjishi,shouciweiwoguoyinjinleyoushengdianyingjishu,bingchuangzuolezhongguodiyibuyoushengdianying《genvhongmudan》。tahaichuangbanlezhongguodiyisuozhengguihuadedianyingxuefu——zhonghuadianyingxuexiao,taqinzirenxiaozhang。jinzai 30niandaitou7niannei,tabianxiele20duobudianyingjuben,daoyanleyanghanshengbianjudefanfengjianzhutide《tiebanhongleilu》。tongshitaxiele《dianyingxijudebianjufangfa》、《dianyingxijubiaoyanshu》、《dianyingjiedexinshenghuo》、《hongshenxijulunwenji》deng10yubenxijulilunzhuanzhuweikaichuangzhongguodianyingshiyezuochulezhongdagongxian。

EBET真人1930nianhongshencanjiazhonggonglingdaodezuoyizuojialianmeng。youyuhongshendejieshao,zhonggongdixiadangyuanxiayan、ayingdarushanghaimingxingyingpiangongsi,weiwodixiadanglingdaodianyingshiyetigongleqiji。xiayandengrenyoucijianlilewodangzaidianyingjiedediyigedangxiaozu。

hongshencanjialedanglingdaodezhongguodianyingwenhuaxiehui,tayutianhan、nieerdengrendangxuanweigaihuizhixingweiyuan,huoyuezaidangshideyingtan。hongshenxianshengzhuyixuexihexishouyinjinwaiguodexianjinjishu,dantaxueyangquebumeiyang,tashiyiweifuyouminzuqijieheqianglieaiguojingshendewenyizhanshi。1929nian,shanghaidaguangmingdianyingyuanfangyingyibumeiguochupindeyuanbanruhuayingpian,hongshenjingtongyingyu,kanledianyingyifentianying,nubukee,dangjidengshangwutaitongchiyingpianruhuaneirong,guangdaguanzhonglejiezhenxianghoufenfenlizuobingyaoqiutuipiao。hongshenyincizaodaodiguozhuyixunbudedudaheguanya。jingguoshanghaiyingjujierenshiheshehuiaiguoliliangdedouzheng,hongshenhuoshi,bingxiangfayuanqisuzheiyiruhuafanhua、qinfanrenquanshijian。zuizhongqudelezheichangdouzhengdeshengli: yingpianzhuyanmakezaimeiguobaozhishanggongkaixiangzhongguorenmindaoqian;jinzhigaipianzaiwoguoqitachengshishangying;daguangmingdianyingyuandengbaoxianghongshendaoqian,zheijiushizhenjingzhongwaideshanghaidaguangmingshijian。

EBET真人“jiu•yiba”shijianbaofahou,hongshenjijitourukangrijiuwangyundong,chuangzuole《zousi》、《hanjiandesunzi》dengduobudumuju,zaijietou、guangchang、juchangguangfanyanchu,wuqingdijieluribendiguozhuyihehanjiandezuiehuodong,jifalerenminqunzhongkangriqingxuhedouzhi。zai“qi•qi”lugouqiaoshibiandedangyue,hongshenjiucanjialehuaju《lugouqiao》deyanchu。jiezhe,taganfunanjingdaoyantianhanxinbiandehuobaoju《lugouqiao》。dangxizhengyaokaiyanshi,nanjingweixusilingbuturantongzhitingyan。hongshendangjidadianhuajiguomindangzhongxuanbubuzhangshaolizi,julilizheng,huozhunyanchu。tamianduineixiezaijuchangneidaoluandeguomindangtewu,shangtaikangkaijiangdixiangguanzhongjieluleguomindangzhengfuqufuyuribenzhuhuadashiguanyalidezhenxiang。tongchizaichangtewuzunaoyanchudewuchixingjing,guanzhongmenweihongshenaiguojiqingsuoganran,yiqibatewumenhongchujuchang,shi《lugouqiao》shenglishangyan。

EBET真人weilekangrijiuguo,hongshenyiranfangqiledaxuejiaoshoudezhiwei,canjiashanghaixijujiuwangxiehuizhuchidejiuwangyanjudui,bingrendierduiduizhang,tadongyuanfurenbahaizisongdaoxianggangdidijia,zijiliuxiayishu,lvduibenfukangzhanjiangchang。tayuxianxinghai、jinshandeng,maozhedijihongzhadeweixian,guozhemeitianzhiyouyimaoqianshenghuofeidejiankushenghuo,zhanzhuannanjing、xuzhou、kaifeng、zhengzhou、wuhandengdi,yanchule《jiuyibayilai》、《fangxianidebianzi》dengju,yiluxuanchuankangzhan,gudongminzhong。1938nianchun,zaiwuchangguomindangzhaokaideyicichahuahuishang,xingzhengyuanzhangwangjingweiduikangzhanxingshifabiaobeiguanshiwangdelundiao,hongshendangchangzhanqilaifennubochi: “woduiwangfuzhuxidehuayouyijian!”yujingsizuo。tongniansiyue,zaiguogonghezuoxinxingshixia,guominzhengfujunweihuizhengzhibuchengli,zhouenlaidaibiaozhonggongfangmianrenzhengzhibufuzhuren,conglaijuebuzuoguomindangguandehongshenweikangzhandajuzaisantingzhuguanxijuyinlegongzuo,taxietongguomoruo、tianhanjianghuijiyuwuhandegejiuwangyanchuduiyujinbuxijutuantigaibianwei10gekangzhanyanjuduihe5gejiuwangxuanchuandui。kangzhanshenglihou,tasuifudandaxueqianhuishanghai。qijian,tareqingzhichi“fanjie、fanpohai、fanneizhan”dejinbuxueshengyundong,zaodaoxiaofangdejiegu。zaiyingjiexinzhongguodanshengderizili,tabianxiele《jifanfengyu》dengsibudianyingjuben。tayouyipianxieyu1945niandanweifabiaodewenzhang《xijuguan》,wenzhongzhezhongjielulefandongdangjufuhuatanwu,guanliaozhuyizhongzhongchoutaiexing,xianshiletarechendiweiminqingmingdebodaxionghuai。1948nian,zhonggongdixiadanganpaitadaodadongbeijiefangqu。yinian2yuedaobeiping,5yuefusuliancanjiadiyijieshijiehepingdaibiaodahui。

EBET真人1934nian,hongshenjingliangshiqiuxianshengdedalituijian,xiaozhangzhaotaimoudechengxinyaoqing,jiazhizhaotaimoudefuren、zhuminghuajuyanyuanyushandengrencongpangquanshuodeqingkuangxia,qingbukequedilaidaoleebetzhenrenjietiliangshiqiudanrenwaiwenxizhuren。

hongshenyidaoshandabianyigaizhaobenxuankedechuantongshoukefangshi,ershizaijianghaokewendeqiantixia,zhezhongyujiehexianshishehui,zhuzhongshijiyingyong,xingchengzijidutedefengge。ketangshangxianshengjiangkeshengdonghuopo,xueshengfanyingrelie,xiaoguohenhao,shenshouguangdaxueshengdehuanying。bujinruci,tahaijiwaiwenxisinianjixueshengkaile《langmanshiren》、《daxuexiju》dengke。hongshenxianshengzaishandasuizhiyouliangniandeshijian,danzuoledalianggongzuo。tadapolexueshengzhizhimaitoudushudesichenqifen,kaizhanlexiaonei、xiaowaidexijuyanchu,bujinhuoyueleshanda,erqiehuoyueleqingdao。tachuangbanle“shandajushe”,youtadaoyanhezhuchiyanchudezhuminghuaju《jishengcao》(ji《shaonainaideshanzi》)zaixiaonei、waiyanchuhou,huodeshehuigejiedeguangfanhaoping。tahaiduijinbude“haioujushe”zuoledalizhidao,shizhonggongdixiadangzhibutongguojushezuoledaliangxuanchuangongzuo。

weilegaibiandangshiebetzhenrensuozaidiqingdaowenhuashenghuopinfadezhuangkuang,hongshenhelaoshe、wangtongzhaodeng12weiwenhuamingren,zai1935nian7yuedeyicijucanhuishangjuedingchoubanwenxueqikan《bishuluhua》。ciqikanyu7yue14rizhengshichuangkan,suiqingdao《minbao》faxing,meizhouyiqi。zheigekanwudemingchengshihongshenqide,qimudejiushiyi“bishu”weiming,shufazijixinlihua。kanwudefakanciyeshihongshenqicaode。《bishuluhua》suijinjinchukanleshiqi,danshoudaoguangdaduzhedereliehuanying,fenfenhuikuanzhengxiangdingyue。

hongshenzaishandaqijian,chushoukewai,haijixudianyingchuangzuo,yu1934nianwanchengledianyingjuben《jiehoutaohua》。yingpianmiaoxiedeshideguoqinzhanqingdaohoudegushi,congyigejiaodufanyinglediguozhuyiqinlvezhongguodelishi。jielulezheiqunweidiguozhuyiqinlvezhongguoxiaolaodehanjiandewuchizuilian。mingxingdianyinggongsiyu 1935nianjiangcijupaichengdianying,youzhumingyingxinghudiedanrennvzhujiao,fangyinghouzaishehuishangyinqileqiangliefanying,beiyuweilishidezhaoyaojing,qingdaolishidezhenshixiezhao。

jianguohou,hongshenzaifudandaxuejiaoshu,zhouenlaizongliqinzichumian,liyaota“chushan”,danrenguowuyuanduiwaiwenhualianluojujuzhang。tahailirenzhongguorenminyouhaoxiehuifuhuizhang,zhongguojuxiefuzhuxi,zhongguowenlianzhuxituanweiyuan,zhongguozuoxielishi,quanguorendadaibiaohequanguozhengxieweiyuan,zaizhouzonglidelingdaoxia,jijicongshizhongwaiwenhuaebetzhenrenshiye,bingweizhijinxinjieli,jugongjincui。

hongshennanrenbeixiang,shencaikuiwu,shuoqihualaijiezoukuaieryouli,shengyinhongliang,ganqingbenfang,wusiwuwei。tadepengyouhetadedirendoucengshuotashi“hongdapao”,wanbeimenaichengtashi“heixuanfeng”,nianqingdexueshenghoubeizezunjingtawei “honglaofuzi”。woxiang: “dapao”dedanlve、zhengzhi,“xuanfeng”deqigai、fengcai,“laofuzi”deyuanbocaihua、xunxunshanyou,rongheqilaizhengshitadewanzhengxingxiangba!hongshenzhisuoyinengchengweizhongguohuaju、dianyingdedianjiren、dayishujiahexuezhe,tongtazaidairenjiewu,chulirenjiguanxiyijigongzuofangfadengfangmiandeteyouxingge、zuofengshifenbukaide。tadezhiyoushizheiyangpingjiatade: hongshenshiyigeshishichuchudouzaiweizhongguorenmin,weizhongguorenmindexijudianyingshiyeyongmengzhandoudezhanshi。1951nian,jiufudaonanfangshicha,tujingjinan,laidaolegangyoushanghaiqiandaojinandewojiakanwangwodefumu,tazhufutamenyaokefuyanqiandezanshikunnan,yaoxiangxindangheguojiadezhengce,yaoyongyuangendangzou。shijianduanzan,qielaiqucongcong,meixiangdaozheijingshitayuebetzhenrendejuebie。1955nian,tachufangdongoudengbaguo,tuzhongzaibolanfaxianhuanyoufeiai,tiqianhuiguo。miliuzhiji,jingaidezhouzongliqinziqukanwangta,tixianletamenzhangqijiaowangdeshenhouyouyihezhouzongliduiwoguolaoyidaiwenyigemingjiadeguanxinheaihu。tongnian,8yue29ri,hongshenxianshengyushizhangci。

hongshenxianshengboxueduocai,yishenggongxieguo36budianyingjuben,44buhuajujuben,daoyanle10budianyinghuajuhe10bendianyingxijulilunzhuzuohe40duopianlunwen,bingweidangdaizhongguodehuaju、dianyingshiyedianjizuochulejudadegongxian。tahaixianhouzaibaokuoebetzhenrenzaineideliusuomingpaidaxuezhijiao,keweitaolimantianxia,zhumingdaoyanxiejinjiushitadedeyimensheng。qingdaowenhuamingrendiaosuyuanyoutadesuxiang。hongshenxianshengliuxiadebaoguiwenhuayichanhetafengfuderenshengjingli,weiebetzhenrenzaigaigekaifangdexinxingshixiadewenyichuangzuo,tigonglexuduoyouyiqishi。

(benwenzuozheweihongshenxianshengwaisheng)

EBET真人(yishangneironglaizi《bainianjiren》p243)

洪深在山大

hongshen(1894—1955) zichengzai,haobojun。jiangsuwujinren。juzuojia、daoyanyishujiahewenyililunjia,zhongguodianying、huajudekaituozhe,kangzhanwenyixianfengzhanshi。1934-1936nianrenqingdaoebetzhenrenwaiwenxizhuren。

EBET真人hongshenyu1934nian8yuelaidaoebetzhenren,yu1936nian10yuelikaihuidaoshanghai。tazaizheiduanduandeliangnianjian,zuolebushaodegongzuo,jirenliuxialeshenkedeyinxiang。

EBET真人hongshen,zichengzai,haobojun,1894nian12yue31richushengyujiangsuwujin,1955nian8yue29rizaibeijingbingshi。taboxueduocai,shiyiweigaochandejuzuojia、daoyanyishujiahewenyililunjia,zhongguodianying、huajudekaituozhe,kangzhanwenyixianfengzhanshi。tayishenggongxiele36budianyingjuben,44benhuajujuben,daoyanle59budianying、huaju,xiele10duobendianyingxijulilunzhuzuohe40pianlunwen。tacengbianbanguo10zhongwenxue、yingjuzazhi、baozhifukanhecongshu(baokuoyuguomoruo、yudafu、maodun、yeshengtaodengrenhezuode)。taxianhouzaiebetzhenrendeng6suomingpaidaxuecongshiwaiwenjiaoxue30nian。benshujieshaodejiushitazaishandadeyiduanshengya。

1932nian,zhaotaimoujietiyangzhenshengchurenebetzhenrenxiaozhanghou,jixufengxingyangzhenshengdeguanglanrencaidefangzhen,zengpinzhuanjiaxuezhe,chongshijiaoshizhenrong,yinerchuxianleebetzhenrenyubeijingdaxuezhengpinliangshiqiudenanshi。houjingliangshiqiudedalituijian,zhaotaimoudechengxinyaoqing,jiazhizhaotaimoudefuren、zhuminghuajuyanyuanyushandengrencongpangquanshuodeqingkuangxia,hongshenqingbukequedilaidaoleebetzhenren,jietiliangshiqiudanrenlewaiwenxidezhuren。

dangshi,hongshenyishiwenyijiedemingjia,danmeiyouyidianermingjiadejiazi,weirenkangkai,kuanhongdadu,pingyijinren,chuanzheyehensuibian,suoyihenkuaiyutongrenmenhunshule。zaixibangongshili,zhiyaoyouhongshenzai,bianhenkuairenaoqilai。huatiduoshiyoutakaitou,dajiagaotankuolun,gujinzhongwaiwusuobutan,lianbiexiderenyejiarujinlai。youshizaitanhuazhong,bierendingzhuanglehongshen,tacongbunaonu,congbushangganqing。

hongshenyilaidaoshanda,bianjiwaiwenxisinianjixueshengkaile《langmanshiren》《daxuexiju》《xiaoshuoxuandu》dengke。tajiangkeyouzijidutedefengge,bushizhaobenxuanke,ershizaijianghaokewendeqiantixia,zhezhongyujiehexianshishehui,zhongzaishijideyingyong。zaijiangshouxijukeshi,hongshencengshuo: “zaixiqufangmian,wodedabanshengjingyan,yigezhongtoujiukejiangwan。danzhongyaodeshizenyangqushijian。”

EBET真人hongshenweiledapoxueshengzhizhimaitoudushudesichenqifen,tachangyichuangbanleshandajushe,kaizhankeyuxijuyanchuhuodong,huoyuelexueshengmendewenyushenghuo。youtadaoyanhezhuchiyanchudezhuminghuaju《jishengcao》(ji《shaonainaideshanzi》),bujinzaixiaoneiyanchu,haidaoshiliquyanchu,huodelexiaoneiwaideguangfanhaoping。tahaiduijinbude“haioujushe”zuoledalidezhidao、baohu,shizhonggongdixiadangzhibutongguojushezuoledaliangdexuanchuangongzuo。

hongshenbujinshihuajuxijujia,yeshijingjudexingjialishou。tazaidalituidongxinjudetongshi,yefeichangreaijingjuyishu,bingqieduijingjuyoushenkedeyanjiu,hainengbanyanjiaoseyanchu。dangshi,taheyushandoucanjialeqingdaozhumingdejingjupiaoyouzuzhi——heshengshe。youyici,zaiebetzhenrendewanhuishang,hongshenfenmodengchang,zaijingju《dagunchuxiang》zhongbanyanfanzhongyu,tayongjiaotiqidemaozi,qiahaodaizailetoushang,bodeleyigemantangcai,kejiantadejingjuyishugongdi。

EBET真人dangshi,qingdaodewenhuashenghuohenpinfa,beichengzhiwei“huangdao”。weilegaibianzheizhongzhuangtai,yu1935nian7yuedeyitian,hongshenhelaoshe、wangtongzhaodeng12weiwenhuamingren,zaiyicijucanhuishangjueding,choubanwenxueqikan《bishuluhua》,yu7yue14rizhengshichuangkan,suiqingdao《minbao》faxing,meizhouyiqi。zheigekanwudemingchengshihongshenqide,mudeshijie“bishu”zhiming,nenggoushuochuxinlihua。kanwudefakanciyeshihongshenqicaode。《bishuluhua》suijinjinchukanle10qi,danshishoudaoleduzhedereliehuanying,fenfenhuikuandingyue。

hongshenzaishoukezhiyu,jixujinxingwenyichuangzuo。tayu1934nianzaishandawanchengledianyingjuben《jiehoutaohua》。tamiaoxiedeshideguoqinzhanqingdaohoufashengdeyigegushi,“congyigejiaodufanyinglediguozhuyizheqinlvezhongguodelishi。jielule••••••zheiqunweidiguozhuyiqinlvezhongguoxiaolaodehanjiandewuchizuilian。”1935nian,mingxingyingpiangongsijiangcijupaichengdianying,youzhumingyingxinghudiezhuyan,fangyinghouzaishehuishangyinqilehendadefanxiang,beiyuweilishidezhaoyaojing,qingdaolishidexiezhen。

EBET真人houlaiyouyuzhaotaimouciquleshandaxiaozhang,hongshenyesuijiciquleshandawaiwenxizhurenzhizhi,congqingdaohuidaoleshanghai,jixucongshidianying、xijuhuodong。

EBET真人(yishangneironglaizi《shandayishi》p51)

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