EBET真人

EBET真人
王统照

wangtongzhao(1897.2—1957.11)zijiansan,shandongzhuchengren。tazhangqicongshiwenxuechuangzuohejiaoshouzhongguowenxueshi。shizhongguoxinwenxueyundongdedianjizhezhiyi,yishengzhuzuoshenduo。tahaishiyiweiyouxiudeshehuihuodongjia。1946nianzhi1950niandanrenebetzhenrenjiaoshou。

EBET真人jiefanghoubujiu,zaijundaibiaoluozhufengzhaokaideshandajiaoshouzuotanhuishang,wojiandaobingjieshilewenxuexijiaoshouwangtongzhaoxiansheng。cihoubulunshizaiyixiehuiyichangsuo,haishitadeyusuonei,wushucidifangwenguota。tashencaibugao,qieyouxieshouruo,daizheyifushendujinshijing,keshitatanqihualailiangyanquejiongjiongyoushen。tabushitanqizijideguoqu,rangwokantazaoqidedixuexiluxundezhandoujingshenheweidadegemingsixiang。”wangtongzhaoxianshengyijidongdexinqing,jieshaoleluxunxianshengdeshengpingjianshi,yijitamenyiqigongshisuojiexiadeyouyi。taliuzheleibeifendishuo: “ebetzhenrenjintianzhongyukandaoluxunxianshengdeyixiangguazaixinzhongguoguoqixiamian,bingzaizheiziyouminzhudetudishang,juxingzheikongqianweiyoudelongzhongjiniandahui。ebetzhenrenyaohenhaodijinianzheiweiweidademinzuxianquzhe。”dangshihuichangshangdeqingxubeijidongle,xuduorenliuxialerelei。huihoudajiayoucanguanleshezaishandalitangjieshaoluxunshengpingjizuopindezhanlan。

wangtongzhaoxianshengyuluxunxianshengjiejiaoshenzao。zaozai1918nian,21suidewangtongzhaozhengzaibeijingdaxueshenzao。dangnian5yueluxunzai《xinqingnian》shangfabiaolezhongguoxiandaiwenxueshishangdediyipianbaihuaxiaoshuo《kuangrenriji》,zheiduiwangtongzhaoyingxianghenda。congciwangtongzhaojikaishilezuichudewenxuechuangzuohuodong,bingkaishiyuluxuntongxin。dao1921nian,woguozuizaodexinwenxuetuanti——wenxueyanjiushezaibeijingzhongshangongyuanzhengshichengli,faqirenyouzhengzhenduo、wangtongzhao、shenyanbing、zhouzuorendengxiansheng。1923nianwangtongzhaodaxuebiyehouliuxiaorenjiao,shinian5yuechufangluxunxiansheng,congciliangrenjiaowanggengduo,youyirizengqieshenhou。1933nian7yue《wenxueyuekan》chuangkan,luxun、wangtongzhaozhuxianshengbeiyaoweikanwubianwei,zaituijinwenxueshiyefazhanshangyoulegengmiqiedehezuo。tamenshishehuigongrendexinwenxueyundongdekaituozhehedianjizhe,duizhongguowenxueshiyedefazhanyouzhegongbukemeidezhuoyuegongxian。

EBET真人wangtongzhaoxianshengyishengzhuzuopofeng。tayimianjiaoshu,yimianqinfenxiezuo。dakaizhongguoxinwenxueshi,zai《xinqingnian》、《xiaoshuoyuekan》、《chenguang》dengquanguozhongyaoqikanshang,chuchuyouwangtongzhaodemingzi。tayixiaoshuo、shige、xiju、yizhudengduozhongticaidewenxuezuopin,fengfuhezhuangdianlebeikaikendexinwenxueyuandi;bingyuqitawenhaoyiqi,yongzijiqinfendebigeng,qingchulewenxuedelaji,changdaoleyidaixinzuopindedansheng。meidangxianshengyuwotanqizheixiejiutaotaobujue,jidongbuyi。wangtongzhaoshixinwenxueshitanshangdediyidaishiren。tadeshigeji《tongxin》shiwusishifangshangzuizaodeshouhuozhiyi。zaiwusiwenxuegemingyundongzhong,shitidejiefangshoudangqichong,baihuashichengweixinwenxuejinjundekailuxianfeng。wangtongzhaobujinconglilunshangchanshuledapogelvshi、chuangzaobaihuashidebiyaoxing,erqiexiechuledaliangdexinshi。1920nianqianhoushiwangtongzhaoyishengzhongxiexinshishuliangzuiduodeyigeshiqi。taliyongtongsuxiaochangdekouyu,zuoweizijishuxieqinghuaidegongju。buguanshiziyoushitihaishisanwenshiti,tadoujiayiyunyong,xingchengleyipaixinshengruijindeshitantaishi。chuleshige,wangtongzhaoduiwusixinwenfangdegongxianjiushixiaoshuo。tashizuizaotuichuzhangpianxiaoshuodezuozhezhiyi。1922nian10yuewangtongzhaochubanlexiaoshuo《yiye》,suihoujibuduanyouzhongduanpianxiaoshuowenshi。maodunxianshengzaizongjiexinwenxueyundongdiyigeshiniandexiaoshuochuangzuochengguoshizhichu: “neishichangyouzuopinfabiaodezuojiayibuguoluxun、bingxin、wangtongzhao、yeshaojundengwuliuren”。zheibunankanchu,wangtongzhaodengwuliuren,zheiyouxiandejiweizuojiadeyouxianzuopin,quezaixinwenxuefazhanshishangqidaoledianjihepuludezuoyong。wangtongzhaozaisanwenfangmiangongxianyepoda。tadezaoqisanwenduojianyu《chenguang》、《shuguang》、《wenxuexunkan》dengyoutazhubianhuocanyubianjideyixiekanwushang。jiejizuizaochubandeshitade《pianyunji》(1934nian)。zheixie“suiganlu”shidesanwen,dadouyoujiaoqiangdezhenbianshibidegongneng,keshiweigudiansanwenxiangxinshisanwendeguodujieduandezuopin。ayingzaipingjiazheixiesanwenshishuo: “chuluxundezawenwai,shimeiyousheikeyihewangtongzhaobinide”。wangtongzhaoduixinwenxuedelingyigongxianshiyijiewaiguowenxuezuopin。youyutayoubeidajiaoshendewaiwengongdiheyizhushuiping,yinciyoudaliangdeyouxiuwaiguowenxuemingzhutongguotazhishoujieshaojiguoneiduzhe。ruxiazhideshizuo、taigeer、bailundesixiangjiqishige、tuoersitaidexiaoshuodeng。tabangzhuzhongguoxinyidaiqingnianlinghuiwaiguowenyizuopindesixiangneihanyuyishufengge,yiwaiguojinbuzuojiadegemingjingshenweikaimo,gulizhongguoqingnianfenqifanfengjian、fanyapo;yixifangxianshizhuyiwenxuezuopinweiyangban,fanduijianghuadeyushenghuoyanzhongtuolidefengjianwenxuezaopo。zaiyihoudejiaoshushengyazhong,tayebuduanyongzheizhongjingshenjiaodaoxuesheng,yindaotamenzoujijixiangshangdejiankangjinbuzhilu。1927nian4yue,shinian30suidewangtongzhaohuidaoqingdaodingju。zheishitayimianzaishandajianke,yimianjixucongshixiezuo。zaizheilitaxiexialeyishengzhongzuizhuyaodezhuzuo。suizhekangrizhanzhengbaofa,wangtongzhaoxianshengliuzaidahoufang,rengebetzhenrenyukangzhandewenxuechuangzuohejiaoxuegongzuo。rikoutoujianghoutafanhuiqingdao,yu1946nian8yuezhengshichurenshandazhongwenxijiaoshou。dangshitakandaobeijiehoudexuexiaotushuguanyiwuzangshu,bianjiangzijijiehoushangcunde300duozhongxianzhuangdifangzhizhuanzengjixuexiao,yijieranmeizhiji。taheyidapicengzaishandarenjiaodezhumingjiaoshou,rudingxilin、wenyiduo、laoshe、hongshen、shencongwendengyijiqitaxuezhejiaoshouyiqi,shizheiyiqiluwenhuazhibangdezuigaoxuefugengjiamingyangzhongwai,peiyangzaojiuleyipiyouyipiyouxiudezhuanyerencai。

zaiqingdaojiefangqianxiderizili,wangtongzhaoxianshengfenbugushendizhichi“fanjie,fanneizhan”deyouxingshiwei,zhichijinbuxueshengyundong,congbuxiangrenhefandongshiliditou。dangshimingweishandaxundaozhang,shiweijuntongtewudeliucixiaojiuduociduitadingshao,jinxingpohai。1949nianchun,zhonggongshandongfenjucengpaidixiadangtongzhichizhengzhenduozixianggangzhuanlaidemixin,yingjiewangtongzhaoxianshengfujiefangqu,danxingzhilicungangka,youyujunjingdeyanmipanchaweinengtongguo。qingdaojiefangshitagaoxingruokuang,cengbuzhiyicidixiangjizhetulumaizaixindidexiangwangzhiqing。zhumingzuojiazhengzhenduozai《yiwangtongzhaoxiansheng》yiwenzhongxiedao: “biaomiankanqilai,wangtongzhaoxianshengshisuihedehenderen,dantashiyou‘suobuwei’de!tashineifangwaiyuande,qishiduibuzhengyizhishi,taconglaibukenyingfu,huofuyanyixia,tajieruchou。taconglaimeiyouxiangrenhezuieshilidiguotou。tazaiebetzhenrenzuojiaoshoudeshihou,naishiyizhanmingdeng,zhaoyaozhexueshengmenxiangguangmingdaluzouqu。tashi‘yousuowei’de!cishicike,tadoushichengxinchengyijieshouzhongguogongchandanglingdaode。tashenzhizhiyouhedangzouyitiaolu,cainengzhengquedizoushangguangmingdedaolu。……zaishandajiaoshudeshihou,tadezheizhongrenzhenfuzedetaiduhejingshen,dedaoledaxueshengmendeaidai。taduixueshengshineiyangdexiai,youshineiyangdeyindaozhe,henbudebaquanshendebenling,huotasuozhidaodeyiqie,douquanbujiaojitamen。dangranzuizhongyaodehaizaiyu: jiaodaotamenruhemingbianshifei,fenqingdiwo,zoushanggemingdedaolu。”zaiebetzhenrenqijian,tayimianrenzhenjiaoshu,yimianjixucongshiwenxuechuangzuo。jubuwanquantongji: jincong1946nianzhi1950niandesinianqijian,wangtongzhaoxianshengsuoxiedexiaoshuo、shigeheyizuojiuda130duopian(sanjianyugezhongbaokan)。1950nian1yue1ri,tajixiezuoshi《xinnian》yishufazijidechangkuaixinqing: “zheixinnianbutongwangnianjie/zanmenzheidongfangjiubangbianchenglezhanxindeminzhuguo/lingdaozhezhiyindefangxiangzhunmeicuo/zaiqianmianhongxiayipianzhengshanshuo/dajiadexinxingengjiandingmingque/lai——lai——lai/shiyijingzhiqiyaolaidezhongguorensheiyebuyuanfangzheitouyige‘xinnian’kongkongguo。”1949nianqiu,tafubeijingchuxileshoujiezhonghuaquanguowenxueyishugongzuozhedaibiaodahui,bingdangxuanweiquanguowenlianweiyuan,yihouyoudanrenleshandongshengwenxueyishujielianhehuizhuxi。buxingdeshi,1957nian11yue29ri,zheiweifendouguobangeshijidewenxuedashiyinbingzaijinanshishi。zaitabingzhongzhuyuanshi,wocengqukanwangta。tanachulezangkejiadelaixinrangwokan,qingxushifenjidong。zheifenglaixingaosuta,1957nian1yuemaozedongyuzangkejiatanhuashi,cengzanyanglewangtongzhaodechuangzuojingshen。maozedongshuo: “baihuaqifangle,xiangwangtongzhaozheiyangdeyixielaozuojiadoufabiaolexuduozuopin,zheihenhao。”

weilejinianzheiweixinwenxueyundongdexianqu,shandongrenminchubanshezaitaqushidediershigeniantou(1977nian),chubanle《wangtongzhaowenji》,gongliujuan,yue250wanzi。zaixianshengshishidedisanshigeniantou(1987nian),yizuogao70limidewangtongzhaobanshentongxiang,jianlizaiqingdaohaiyangdaxuetushuguandalouzuocedecaopingshang。zheizhengshidangnianxianshengzaishandazhangqishenghuohegongzuodedifang。

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