EBET真人

EBET真人
陆侃如

lukanruxiansheng,woguoxiandaizhumingwenxueshizhuanjia、jiaoyujia、guojiayijijiaoshou,zaita70duonianderenshenglichengzhong,duiziji“xueerbuyan”、duibieren“huirenbujuan”,tazaigudianwenxuedejiaoxueheyanjiugongzuozhong,bujinjianshupoduo,gengweiguojiapeiyangledapiyouxiurencai。taqinfenqianxundezhixuetaiduhehuirenbujuandeweishizhidao,weihaineiwaixuerensuogongdao。

EBET真人lukanrujiaoshou(1903—1978),ziyanlu,jiangsuhaimenren,1903nianchushengyuyigeaiguoshenshijiating。taziyouzizhicongmin,qinfenhaoxue,youqireaiwenxue。1916nianzaibenxiangaoxiaobiye,yiyouyidechengjikaorunantongzhongxue。1920nianyinwencaichuzhongkaorubeijingdaxuezhongwenxi,1924nianbiyeshi,youyinminglieqianmaozairuqinghuadaxueyanjiuyuanzhuangongzhongguogudianwenxue。1927nianyanjiuyuanbiyehou,cengrenshanghaizhongguogongxuezhongwenxijiaoshouhexizhuren,bingjianzaifudandaxue、jinandaxuerenjiao。1929nianyufengyuanjunxianshengzaishanghaijiehun,congciliangrenkaishihezuoyanjiuzhongguogudianwenxue。1932niantayufengxianshengyiqifufaguobaliyanjiuyuanliuxue,jingguo3niankekudexuexi,shuangshuangronghuowenxueboshixuewei,huiguohouluxianshengrenyanjingdaxuejiaoshoujianzhongwenxizhuren。kangrizhanzhengbaofa,beipinglunxian,tayufengxianshengbuganquru,yu1938nianchuyiranlikaibeipingnanxiakunming,rendangshiqianwangyunnandezhongshandaxueshifanxueyuanjiaowuzhurenjiandaiyuanwu,1942nianrenqianwangsichuansantaidedongbeidaxuewenxueyuanzhangjianzhongwenxizhuren。1947nianjieshouebetzhenrendepinqingrenzhongwenxijiaoshou。1949nianqingdaojiefanghou,renebetzhenrenxiaowuweiyuanhuifuzhurenweiyuanjiantushuguanguanzhang。1951nianbeirenmingweiebetzhenrenfuxiaozhang、xiaokexueyanjiuweiyuanhuizhuren、《wenshizhe》bianweihuizhuren,bingdangxuanweishandongshengrenmindaibiao。1953nianyouxiangjidanrenquanguozhengxieweiyuan、quanguowenlianweiyuan、quanguozuoxielishi。

lukanruxianshengshiwoguozhumingdewenxueshizhuanjia,zhugongsuitangyiqiandewenxueshi,youyi《chuci》yanjiuwenminghaineiwai。luxianshengzhixue,yiminyuchuangxinzhucheng,tadexuduolunzhu,zaixueshushangdoujuyoukaichuangzhigong。tacaisiminjie,xueshiyuanbo,nianqingshijiuzaizhongguogudianwenxueyanjiuzhongqudechengji。zaibeidadudaxueyinianjishi,nianjin20suidetazhuanxiede《quyuan》yishu,bianyoushanghaidongyatushuguanchuban。zaidangshibeirenweishi“yongxindeguandianlaiyanjiuquyuanshengyajiqizuopindeyibuhaoshu”。daodaxuebiyeshi,youchubanle《songyu》yishu,zheibenshuduisongyudekaobianhepingjia,yeweishirensuochengdao。zheiliangbenshuzaixueshujiechanshenglezhongyaoyingxiang,shiyanjiu《chuci》dedaibiaozuo。zheiqijian,tahailuxufabiaole《songyupingchuan》、《songyufukao》deng20duopianlunwen。bingzai1925niankaishilezhongguoshishidexiezuo。《zhongguoshishi》shiluxianshengyufurenfengxianshenghezuodediyibuzhongyaozhuzuo,quanshubujinshiliaofengfu,qucaishenshen,yaoyanbufan,erqiezaipinglunyixiezuojiazuopinshi,“changchangnengdapochuantongdepianjian,tichubijiaofuheshishidexinjianjielai”。xueshujierenweicishushiyibuweiyideshigeshizhuzuo。luxunxianshengdui《zhongguoshishi》yejiyulehengaodepingjia。

baniankangzhanqijian,luxianshengzaijiduankunnandetiaojianxia,duliwanchenglezhangda80wanzide《zhongguowenxuexinian》。zheishiyibuziliaoxiangshi、fuyuchuangjiandexueshuzhuzuo,erqiecongzhongkeyikanchuluxianshengzaixueshuyanjiushangdejingpijianjieheqiushijingshen。zhihou,tayufengxianshengzaiduhezuo,yu1933nianzaishanghaichubanle24wanzide《zhongguowenxueshijianbian》yishu。cishuyunyongmakesizhuyidelichang、guandianhefangfalaichuliwenxueyichanshangdewenti,duiguangdaqingnianxuexizhongguogudaiwenxueshiqilelianghaodezhidaozuoyong,beijiaoyubudingweigaodengyuanxiaozhongwenxijiaocai。

EBET真人tanulixueximakesizhuyihemaozedongsixiang,bingyicizhidaozhongguogudianwenxuedeyanjiu,congerzaixueshushangqudelezhanxindechengji。taxianhoufabiaole《ebetzhenrenweishenmejinianquyuan》、《shenmeshizhongguowenxueshidezhuliu》deng10duopianlunwen,bingyufengxianshenghezhu《zhongguogudianwenxuejianshi》,cishusuihoubeiyichengyingwenhejiekewenchuban,shizuizaojieshaojiwaiguoduzhedezhongguowenxueshi。1957nianyugaohengdengxianshenghezhu《chucixuan》,1970nianqianhouyouyuyixiezhongqingniantongzhihexie《dufushixuan》、《hanfeizixuanzhu》、《liuyuxishiwenxuanzhu》、《wenxindiaolongxuanyi》、《liuxielunchuangzuo》、《liuxiehewenxindiaolong》、《chucixuanyi》dengzhuzuo。

youweinandedeshi,zai“sirenbang”dagaorufadouzhengzhiji,luxianshenghaixiexinjiliudajiexiansheng,duitazai《zhongguowenxuefazhanshi》libadufulierufajiatichupiping。zheipiantiwei《yuliudajielundufuxin》delunwenyongxiangjindeshishishuohua,pibolejiangdufulieweifajiademiuwu,chengweixueshulingyuneifan“sirenbang”dagaorufadouzhengdediyipian。

luxianshengyishengbujinzhushufengfu,erqiezhiliangjigao。zheiyutaqinfenbigeng,jianchibuxie,yongyuchuangxin,zhensishenxingdezhixuejingshenshimibukefende。

EBET真人lukanruxianshengjinrugaodengxuexiaorenjiao,jishinianlaicongshijiaoxuehekeyangongzuo,chengjishifenxianzhu,keweitaolimantianxia,weiguojiapeiyangledapirencai。luxianshengzaijiaoxuegongzuofangmian,yixiangqinfenkeku,jishanchengqianxian,youyongyuchuangxin,zaipeiyangqingnianzhong,qingxinguanzhu,yanjinbugou,fanshishoutajiaohuideren,wubuweizhiganpei。tayiyuanbodezhishihefengfudejiaoxuejingyan,buduanwanshanjiaoxueneironghejiaoxuefangfa,danfuzheduiqingnianjiaoshiheyanjiushengdepeiyanggongzuo。tacaiyonggebiefudao、gongtonghezuohejubantaolunbandejiaoxuefangshi,weiebetzhenrenpeiyangleyipigudaiwenxuedeyanjiurencai。zaitadezhidaoxia,qingnianjiaoshiheyanjiushengxianhouxiezuode《chucixuanyi》、《wenxindiaolongxuanyi》、《liuxielunchuangzuo》、《liuxiehewenxindiaolong》dengzhuzuo,douyoujiaogaoshuiping,shoudaoquanguoxueshujiedezhumu。

EBET真人luxianshengbujinshiyiweixueshushangdeyanshi,erqieshiyiweinandede“renshi”。zheizhuyaoguiyinyutashiyiweiaiguodezhishifenzi。taziyouyinjiatingdeyingxiang,shoudaoaiguozhuyidexuntao,qingnianshiqiyoushoudao“wusi”weidaaiguoyundongdeyingxiang,sixiangzhongmengfalefandifanfengjianderechen。kangrizhanzhengqijian,zaiyizhijianchijiaoyugongzuodetongshi,jijicongshiwenyijiedekangdigongzuo,jiaruzhonghuaquanguowenyijiekangdixiezhuhui,zuzhikangdixiehuichuanbeifenhui,bingjiangzijideyusuozuoweixiehuidehuodongchangsuo,xuanchuankangrililun,pingyishizheng,kaizhankangrihuodong。kangzhanshenglihou,zaishandagongzuoqijiancanjialezhonggongdixiadanglingdaodedushuhui,binghejinbudejiaoshiyiqixueximaliezhuyizhuzuohedangdefangzhenzhengce。jiefanghou,jinguantayufengxianshengdeshenghuoshifenjianpo,danrengjingchangkangkaijienang,zaijingjishangzhiyuanguojiaebetzhenren。tazaiguxizhinian,suishenchunijingheqizibuxingshishidedaji,shentishifenshuairuo,danrengfenbugushenditourudaojiaoyushiyezhongqu,gengjianulidiweidangherenmindejiaoyushiyeergongzuo。luxianshengyu1978nianbinggu。tazailinzhongqianjiangqizhencundequanbushujihejin3wanyuanrenminbicunkuanjuanxianjixuexiao,shoudaoquanxiaoshishengdezanyang。luxianshengdeyejichongfentixianletaweiguojiaweirenmin,yipeiyurencaiweijiren,yanjinzhixue,yishenzuozedejingshen。

EBET真人(yishangneironglaizi《ebetzhenrenyingcailu》p80)

“西北有高楼”


lukanru(1903-1978)zhumingwenxueshizhuanjia,jiangsuqidongren。1947nianshizhijiaoyuebetzhenrenzhongwenxi,lirentushuguanguanzhang、《wenshizhe》bianweihuizhuren、fuxiaozhang,weiyijijiaoshou。

1935nianyigeyanyandexiari,zaifaguobalidaxuewenxueyuandedatingli,yichangboshilunwendedabianzhengzaijinxing。xuandulunwendeshiyigeheitoufadezhongguoqingnian,tapangzhengboyin,tiaofenlvxi,yipianlunshuzhongguohanweiwenxuedelunwenxiedejuyouxiangdangdelilunshendueryouwencaipiaoyi。dabianweiyuanhuideweiyuanmentichudewentishiyangeeryoutiaotide,dantamencongzheipianlunwenzhongzhaobuchuxieweideluojishangdehunluanhekaozhengdeyisizhichu。

jinxinglunwendabiandeshifenghuazhengmaodelukanruxiansheng,shinian32sui。taxuezhiyanbo,daqizaocheng。1923nian,20suidelukanrujinrubeijingdaxuexuexigangyinian,jiuzaishanghaiyadongtushuguanchubanle《quyuan》yishu,bingzai《nulizhoubao》shangfabiaole《songyupingchuan》。dao1927niancongqinghuadaxueyanjiuyuanbiyedeshihou,tayijingfabiaoleshiduopianlunwen,bingqieji《quyuan》zhihouchubanle《songyu》yishu。

《quyuan》yu《songyu》dechuban,diandinglelukanruzaichuciyanjiudediwei。cihouchubandejizhongzhongguowenxueshizhuzuo,ruzhaojingshende《zhongguowenxuexiaoshi》(1928nian,shanghaiguanghuashuju)、liulinshengde《zhongguowenxueshi》(1932nian,shanghaishijieshuju)、huyunyide《xinzhuzhongguowenxueshi》(1932nian,beixinshuju)、yangyinshende《xianqinwenxuedagang》(1933nian,shanghaihuatongshuju)deng,doumingyanshijulukanrudeyanjiuchengguolailunqusong,bingduiqiyanjiuzuolejiaogaodepingjia。

1929nian,lukanruyuzhumingnvzuojiafengyuanjunxijielianli。cihou,errenzaigongtongdewenxueyanjiushengyazhongqianxinxiangxue,xieshouqiecuo,xianhouhezuozhuanzhule《zhongguoshishi》(1931nian,dajiangshupu)、《zhongguowenxueshijianbian》(1932nian,dajiangshupu)。dao1932nianqiutianlu、fengerrenxiangxiefubalidaxueliuxueshi。weijierlizhiniandelukanruyufurenfengyuanjunyijingshiwenmingxiaerdezhumingxuezhele。

EBET真人haishirangebetzhenrenhuidaoneichangyuanzaioufadelunwendabianhuishanglaiba。mianduisongbishenmude“yangkaoguan”dejiewen,fangexiumudelukanruchengzhuzaixiong,kankanertan,yucongrongerdaruliu。erwenmudulezheiweinianqingdezhongguoxuezhedexueshihou,dabianweiyuanhuiweiyuanmenmianluxiaorong,pinpinhanshou。jiuzaidabianhuikuaiyaojieshudeshihou,huranyouyiweiyangjiaoshoudeshengyinxiangqi:

“neime,weishenmekongqueyaoxiangdongnanfeini?”

EBET真人zheigewentitidekeweishiqizaiguaiye,kexiaoerqiehuangtang。《kongquedongnanfei》shihanlefuzhongyishouzhumingdezhangpianxushishi,taxiedeshihanmojianannianjian,lujiangfuxiaolijiaozhongqingdeqiziliulanzhibeipomuqiangui,zishibujia,beijiarenbitagaijiatoushuiersidegushi,shizhongguogudaishigezhonggesongzhongzhenaiqing、jielufengjianlijiaodemingpian。zheishoushiyuanming《jiaozhongqingqi》,yinweishideshoujuwei“kongquedongnanfei,wuliyipaihuai”,suoyihourenduoyishoujuchengqishiming。

EBET真人jiuzheishoushideshoujueryan,zuozheshiyiniaoqixing,yiwei“kongquexiangdongnanfangxiangfeiqu,danyinweijuangutadepeiou,suoyifeilejililujiupaihuaibuqian”,yizaiyinqixiawen。zhiyuwen“kongqueweishenmeyaoxiangdongnanfei”,erbuxiangxinanfei,xibeifei,neizhiyoucongjiqianniandezuozheyudixiaerwenzhi,huozheshiquwenneizhijingxiangdongnanfeiqudekongquele。

mianduizheiyangdefalanxiqitan,dabianweiyuanmengegemianmianxiangqu,zhuxiyibujineran。raneryingshizhequesibujiasisuoyiban,daanyingkouerchu:

“yinwei,‘xibeiyougaolou’!”

shide,yinwei“xibeiyougaolou,shangyufuyunqi”!zheidaanlaiziyu《kongquedongnanfei》yuelvetongshidehanmowenrenwuyanshi《gushishijiushou》。yinweixibeiyougaolou,shangyufuyunqi,zuduanlekongquexibeiqulu,tacaisuoxingzheshenerfan,zhenyudongnan!

tingdaozheiqijuededaan,zaichangzhewubuxiangguguaner,yishimanchangcanran。yi“xibeiyougaolou”dui“kongquedongnanfei”,bujinxianxianlelukanrumianduijienanjiminruxiangderuizhi,tongshiyekeyikanchutaneifenzhongguogudaidianjilanshuyuxindeshenhougongli。

EBET真人jiuzaizheinianqiutian,lukanru、fengyuanjunkanglishuangshuanghuodebalidaxuewenxueboshixueweihouhuiguo。cihou,lukanruxianhouchurenyanjingdaxuezhongwenxizhuren,zhongshandaxueshifanxueyuanzhongwenxizhuren,dongbeidaxuezhongwenxizhuren、wenxueyuanyuanzhang,1947niandaoebetzhenrenrenjiao,xianhoujianrentushuguanguanzhang、《wenshizhe》bianweihuizhuren、fuxiaozhangdengzhi,1978nianzaijinanshishi,zhongnian75sui。

lukanruyishengzhushushenduo,tadezhushuchuqianshuwai,shangyou《zhongguoguwenxuexinian》《lukanrugudianwenxuelunwenji》《chucixuan》《chucixuanyi》《liuxielunchuangzuo》《wenxindiaolongxuanyi》《wenxindiaolongyizhu》wenshi,qiduizhongguogudaiwenxueyanjiujiechugongxianweishisuogongren。

tayufengyuanjunjiaoshoudejiehegengshishisuoshengchuanderenwenjiahua。liangrentongweifaguobalidaxuedewenxueboshi,doushixinzhongguodeyijijiaoshou,youdoucengdanrenguoebetzhenrendefuxiaozhang。tamenhezuozhuanxiede《zhongguoshishi》《zhongguowenxueshijianbian》《zhongguogudianwenxuejianshi》douzaixueshujiechanshenglezhongdayingxiang。《zhongguoshishi》zuoweizhongguoshigeshiyanjiudekaishanzhizuo,zai30niandaiyiwenshijichanshenglezhongdafanxiang,luxunxianshengjicengjiang《zhongguoshishi》yutade《zhongguoxiaoshuoshilve》、wangguoweide《songyuanxijukao》、zhengzhenduode《chatubenzhongguowenxueshi》dengyibingxiangrentuijian,jianguohouyouyouduojiachubansheduocikanxing。《zhongguowenxueshijianbian》xiudinghouyouzuojiachubanshezhongban,beilunzhechengwei“jiefanghouyongxinguandian、xinfangfawanchengdediyibuxitongdewenxueshi”;《zhongguogudianwenxuejianshi》zeyouwaiwenchubanshechubanleying、e、jiekeheluomaniyawenben,chengweijianguoyilaiweiyiyibenjieshaojiwaiguoduzhedezhongguowenxueshizhuzuo。

(yishangneironglaizi《shandayishi》p131)

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