EBET真人

EBET真人
曾呈奎

cengchengkui(1909.6~)fujianshamenshiren。siwushiniandairenshandajiaoshou,bingjianrenxizhuren。xianrenzhongguokexueyuanyuanshi、disanshijiekexueyuanyuanshi。

cengchengkuixianshengzaiwushiniandaijiushiebetzhenrenzhumingdejiaoshouzhiyi。taxinggekailang,shifenjiantan。zaijiaoxueshangjingyiqiujing,xixinpeiyurencai;zaikexueyanjiushanggengyouyizhongzhizhezhuiqiu、qieerbushedejingshen。1950nian1yue,qingdaoshizhaokaileshoujiegejierenmindaibiaodahuihuiyi,ebetzhenrenyoushiduoweijiaoshoucanjia,qizhongyouluozhufeng、wangtongzhao、fengyuanjun、tongdizhou、cengchengkui、wufuhengdeng。wodangshizuoweixinwenjiedaibiao(yejianjizhe)yugeweijiaoshouyiqicanjialewenjiaodaibiaoxiaozudehuodong。cengchengkuixianshengbulunshixiaozuhuihaishizaidahuishang,tadouzhengxianfayan,shufazijiduixinzhongguodejifenzhiqing,duihaiyangkexueshiyekaituofazhandepoqiezhiqing,bingpingjietaduonianyanjiukaochadeshiqing,huichulewoguoyanhaishuichanshiyefazhandemeihaolantu。tadezheixieshexiangheyijian,dedaoledahuidaibiaodeyizhizantong,youxieyijianhaibeicainaerxiejindahuijueyizhong,weijiasuhuifuyufazhanqingdaodejingjiebetzhenrenzuochulaijijidegongxian。

1909nian6yue18ri,cengchengkuidanshengyufujianshengshamenshiguankouzhenlilincundecengxinghuaqiaoshijia。shaonianshidaitashoumuqindesixiangyingxiangjiaoda,bianxuanqu“zenong”weiqihao,lizhinongye、kejijiuguo。tazaidaxueqijianjiuduihaizaoyanjiuchanshenglenonghoudexingqu。yige“haiyangnongye”delixiangzhengzhengyingxiangletadeyisheng。weilemoqingzuguohaizaoziyuande“jiadi”,cengchengkuicong1930niandao1940nianrenlingnandaxuefujiaoshouqijian,jiucengdaijimingcaijigongrenduijinhaihaizaoziyuanjinxinglediaochayanjiu。shiniannei,tacaijilejiqianhaohaizaobiaoben,yizheixiezuizaodehaizaoziliao,fabiaole《zhongguohaizaofenleiyanjiu》zheipianzhuminglunwen,chengweizhongguohaizaoyanjiudedianjizhe,beigongrenweishizheiyixuekelingyudexianqu。1940niancengchengkuixianshenghuomeiguomizhiandaxueyanjiushengjiangxuejinbingqianwanggongduboshi,1942nian5yuehuoboshixuewei。tazaimeiguodejinian,qinfennuli,jixuyanjiuhaizaoxuebingqudexianzhuchengguo,zaiyibanghaiyangxuejieyixiaoyoumingqi。meifangxiwangtaliuxialaiweitamendeguojiaebetzhenren,dangcengchengkuixianshengjuexinhuilaibaoxiaozuguo.tashuo: “wodeshiyezaizhongguo,zhengyinweitaluohoucaigengxuyaoebetzhenrenlaiebetzhenren。”

EBET真人1946nian12yue,cengchengkuixianshenghuidaozuguo,churenebetzhenrenjiaoshou,bingjianrenzhiwuxijiaoshou,tashouxianyutongdizhouyiqibanqileshandahaiyangyanjiusuo,yihouyouyutongdizhou、zhangxijiaoshouyiqizujianlexinzhongguodiyigehaiyangyanjiujigou——zhongguokexueyuanshuishengshengwuyanjiusuoqingdaohaiyangshengwuyanjiushi(zhongkeyuanhaiyangyanjiusuoqianshen);congci,haiyangshengwuyanjiuyoulegengwengudejichu,bingqieyoulingdaoyouzuzhidikaizhanlehaiyangyanjiuhuodong。cong1950nianxiabanniankaishi,cengchengkuijiaoshoupeiyangbingzuzhileyipizaoleifenleixuejia(baokuozijisuojiaodexuesheng),youjihuadiduibaokuozhongguoyanhaizaineidebeitaipingyangxibudediqihaizaozuolequanmiandiaocha,kaizhanlezhongguohaizaoziyuanhefenleitixideyanjiu。wushiniandaiyiqian,zicaideshengzhangshihebaozilaiyuanyizhishigemi,suoyiwufarengongcaimiaoheyangzhi。cengchengkuijiaoshouyuzhushoumenjinxingbaozhongyanjiu,pojieleqizhongde“mimi”,zhengshilewanquankeyiyikaorengongshengchanqiaobaozi,yongyuzicaiderengongyangzhi,congerjieshuleyangzhizicaikaodaziranenci“zhongzi”delishi,kaishilekexuezhongzhizicaidexinjiyuan。tamendexunzhongchengguozaiyanhaituiguanghou,rengongzaipeizicaiyexunsufazhanqilai,shizhongguozicainianchanliangdadaoleyiqianduowandunganpin,chengweishijiedisanzicaiguo。

ershiniandaiyouribenbeihaidaochuanrudedaxingzaolei——haidai,weimeikekou,yingyangfengfu,younengfangzhijiazhuangxianzhongbing。danhaidaishiyizhongxihuandiwendelengwendaibaozizhiwu。cengchengkuijiaoshoubianzuzhilehaidainanyishiyan,yijuchenggong,bujiuhoubianxingchengledaguimoyangzhi。cong1952niandongjikaishi,cengchengkuijiaoshouyoudailingtadezhushouhedaxuesheng,zaiqingdao、yantai、daliandengdijinhainei,yongrengongpeizhidefangfa,jianqileyidapianyidapiandehaidaishengchantian。tamenhaibuduanzongjiezaipeijishu,jinyibuyanjiuqishengzhangguilvhehuanjingxixing,bingdadancaiyongnongzuowumizhifangfa,dadatigaolehaidaidedanweimianjichanliang。wushiniandaichu,zhongguohaidaichanliangjinyou60dun,meinianyaojinkoushishudun,cainengmanzushichangxuqiu。erdao1985nian,zhongguonianchanhaidaiganpinyida250wandun,zhanhaidaizhiwushijienianchanliangde80%,chengweishijietouhaohaidaiyangzhishengchandaguo,meiniandouyoudaliangchanpinxiaowangshijiegeguo。rujin,woguoyanhaibumanledaxiaobuyi、chengfangchengkuaidehaidaizhongzhitian,nianniandouhuodedafengshou。zheijizhiyuanleguojiaebetzhenren,zengjialewaihuishouru,youdadazengjialeyumindeshouru,gaishanlerenmindeshenghuo。zheibunengbushirenxiangdaodangniankexuejiamenduihaizaoyanjiushiyandejiannansuiyue,gengbunengbuganxiezhijinyiyou92suigaolingdecengchengkuizheiweilaokexuejiaweicisuoqingzhudeyipianxinxue!

cengchengkuijiaoshoubukuiweiwoguozhumingdehaiyangshengwuxuejia、haizaozhuanjia。tadegongxianshizhuozhude、duofangmiande,qiyingxiangyoushishifenshenyuande。shita,shoucizaizhongguofaxianleyuanlvzao,yanjiuhaizaobijiaoguanghezuoyong,tichuleguangheshengwujinhuatujing,dadafengfuhefazhanlejinhualun。shita,yanjiulezicaihehaidaidefayushengwuxue,jiejuelezicaihehaidaizaipeizhongdeguanjianwenti,shizicaihehaidairengongpeizhichengweixianshi,qudelezhongdadejingjijiazhiheshehuixiaoyi。tahaishouxiantichubingchanminghaiyangshengchanbixuzounongmuhuadedaolu,tuidonglezhongguohaiyangshuichanshengchanyangzhiyedefazhan,duiquanshijiedeshuichanshiyechanshenglejudadeyingxiang。zaishijiehaiyangshengwushiyefazhanshishang,jianghuiyongyuanmingkeshangcengchengkuizheiyiweirendemingzi。

xiedaozheili,woyouxiangqileyijianzhidetebieyitideshi。congzheijianshishangkeyikandao,cengchengkuixianshengshineiyangfuyouzhengyigan,shineiyangreaixuesheng,shineiyangdayilinran、jieruchou。zaiqingdaojiefangqianxideheianrizili,guomindangfandongdangjushijinbuxueshengru“yanzhongding”,jinxingzhongzhongpohai。youyicishishengzaixiaomenkoujihe,zhunbeidaojieshangyouxingshiwei,fanduiguomindangdaneizhan,yaoqiuheping、minzhu、ziyou;fandongjunjingwenxunhou,lijibaoweilexuexiaodamen,bingqieyongpibian、banggun、qiangtuodengxiongqi,oudachishoukongquandexuesheng。youdebeidahunzaidi,youdetoupoxueliu,youdenvshengtoufabeixianxialai……。zheirenaolexuduoyouzhengyigandexuezhe、jiaoshou,tamenmaozheshengmingweixianzhanchulaiyujunjingpingli,yongzijideshentilaibaohuxuesheng,zheishicengchengkuijiaoshouyifangmiancanjiajiuhuxingdong,yifangmianzaibiedelaoshideyanhuxia,zhuazhujihui,yongzhaoxiangjitoutoudiqiangpailedirenouda、daibuxueshengdejingtou,bingqielianyejiangzhaopianchongxichulaisongdao《minyanbaoshe》,diertianzhaopianjiuzaibaozhidexianzhuweizhikandengchulai,yinqileshehuideqianglieqianzehekangyi。weilegengyoulidikangyiguomindangdefandongtongzhi,cengchengkuijiaoshouhaiyutongdizhoujiaoshouyiqi,jiangzheizhangbaozhidejianbaojiwangbeiping、shanghai、nanjingdengdi,youdehaijiwangguowai。yishiebetzhenrenfanneizhan、fanyapodezhuangjuchuanbiansimianbafang,bafandongpaidechouezuilianbaoluzaiguangtianhuarizhixia。zheijianshiyihoubeichuanweijiahua,shoudaorenmendepubianzanyuhezunjing。jiefanghou,meidangjizhetidaocishi,cengchengkuijiaoshouzongshixiaoxiaoshuo: “zheishiwoyinggaizuode。”

(zuozhe: taixu yishangneironglaizi《bainianjiren》p526)

曾呈奎


cengchengkui,1909nian6yuesheng,fujianshengshamenshiren。woguozhuminghaiyangshengwuxuejia,zhongguokexueyuanxuebuweiyuan,zhongguokexueyuanhaiyangyanjiusuomingyusuozhang,disanshijiekexueyuanyuanshi。1987nian12yue11rihuodemeiguoehaiezhoulidaxuerongyuboshi。zaiebetzhenrenqijian,cenglirenjiangshi、fujiaoshou、jiaoshou、zhiwuxixizhuren、haiyangyanjiusuofusuozhangdengzhi。1958nianebetzhenrenyouqingdaoqiandaojinanshi,cengjiaoshouliuzaiqingdaohaiyangyanjiusuo,hourengaisuosuozhang。

cengchengkuijiaoshouziyoushengzhangzaizuguodedongnanyanhai。haohandedahai,zhanlandehaishui,youziduobiandeshuizuheneiwucaibinfendehaizao,congxiaoshihoujiujidadixiyinzheta,qiandongzhezheiweihaibinqingniandexinxian。zaozai1930nian,tahaizaishamendaxuedusinianjishi,bianxuanzele《shamenjingjihaizaoyanjiu》zuoweibiyelunwendeketi。cihoudejishinianzhong,tayuhaizaojiexialebujiezhiyuan。weilezuguodehaizaoyanjiushiye,tayeyijiri,bucilaoku,zhongyuzaizheigelingyuzhongqudelejiqifengshuodechengguo。

zaozai1935nian8yuedao1938nian3yueqijian,cengxianshengzaiebetzhenrenshengwuxirenjiaobingjianrenhaiyangshengwuyanjiushidezhurenshi,weilefazhanhaizaoshiye,tajiujingchangdingfengpiyuezhuichaozhuliu,chengnianleiyuedicaijibiaobenheyanjiuhaizao。tacengzhuanxiedelunwen《hainandaohaichanlvzaozhiyanjiu》,zaidangshidehaizaoyanjiufangmianjiuyijuyouzhongyaodexueshudiwei。tabuciqianxinwanku,zoubianlebeizidalian、beidaihe,nanzhiguangdong、dongshaqundao,caijiledaliangdebiaoben。danyouyujiuzhongguowenhuajiaoyushiyedefengbiluohou,zhishitadeyanjiugongzuobulvweijian。

weilejinkuaidifazhanzuguodehaizaoshiye,jiubixujiejianxifangyijingqudedeyanjiuchengguo,yushitayiranjuedingfumeishenzao。1942nian,tazaimeiguomizhigendaxueyanjiuyuanhuodeleboshixuewei。youyuxuexichengjiyouyi,youtongshihuodelelakehamuboshijiangxuejin。suihou,taxuandingmeiguojiazhoudaxuesigelipusihaiyangyanjiusuozuoweizijijinyibuxuexiheshenruyanjiudejidi。zaizheili,tajingchangqinzijiachuandaolagennahaitan,qianshuidao10mishenchubuzhishihuacaishengzhangdeshiyanheguanchahaizaoshengzhangqingkuang。tajingchangyiganjiushi16gexiaoshi,xuduowaiguozhuanjiaduitadepinbojingshenyebudebubiaoshiyouzhongdeqinpei。1946niandi,cengxianshenghuidaolekuobieduoniandezuguo,beipinrenweiebetzhenrenzhiwuxixizhurenjianhaiyangyanjiusuodefusuozhang,danyouyujiuzhongguodeheian,tadeyuandabaofurengjiuwufashixian。

1950nian8yue1ri,xinzhongguokexueyuandeshuishengwuyanjiushizaiqingdaochengli,cengxianshengbeirenmingweifushizhuren(zhurenweitongdizhou)。xinzhongguodejianli,weitadailailejinxingkexueyanjiudechuntian。

cengxianshengjinxingkeyangongzuo,conglaidoushitaiduyanjin,bingqieyongyutansuoheshijian。tayidanrenzhunleyitiaolu,jiuyaojuexinzouxiaqu,nongbuchujiujingjiujuebubaxiu。zaozai1956nian,youyutazaizicaishenghuoshifangmianyanjiuzhongsuoqudedechengjiu,jiucenghuodeguo1956nianzhongkeyuanbanfadesandengzirankexuejiangjin。talingdaodehaizaozaipeiyuanlideyanjiu,yu1979nianhuodequanguokejidahuijiang。guanyuxishaqundaoshengwudiaochadeyanjiu,yeyu1988nianhuodeguojiazirankexuejiang。zaitazhidaoxiakaizhanqilaidehaiyangzaoleifenleiquxi、xingtaishenghuoshi、shenglishengtai、huaxuejiagong、yichuanyuzhong,yijiguanghezuoyongdengyanjiu,cengxianshengdanduhuoyuhezuozhelianhe,xianhoufabiaolelunwen180yupian,zhuanzhu6bu。qizhongtazhubiande《zhongguochangjianhaizao》yishufuyou148fucaisezhaopian。zheixiezhuzuohelunwenbujinfazhanlewoguodehaizaoxue,tongshiyeweiwoguohaizaoziyuandekaifa,haizaorengongzaipeishiyehehaizaohuaxuegongyedefazhan,daxialelilunjichu,tigongleyanjiudefangfa,cujinlejingjidefazhan。

EBET真人jiefangyihou,cengxianshengyutadezhushou——xianrenhaiyangyanjiusuofusuozhangwuchaozhijiaoshoudengkejirenyuan,kaishilehaidaishengwuxuejizaipeiyuanlideyanjiu。tamentongguodaliangdediaochayanjiuheguancha,zhaodaoleduoshuhaiwanbunengshengzhanghaidaideyuanyin,tichuletaoguanshifeifa,jiejuelehaidaishengzhangquedandeguanjianwenti,wei50niandaihouqihe60niandaichuqidehuanghaiquhaidaideshengchanfazhanqidaolejijidezuoyong。zaicizhihou,weiletigaohaidaidedanweichanliang,zaitadedailingxiayoujinxinglemizhishiyan。tamendapolechuantongdeqiumiaopeiyu,chuangzaolehaidaixiamiaodiwenpeiyufa,congershihaidaidechanliangtigaodaole30%~50%,tupolehaidaishengchanzhongdelingyigezhongdananti。tamenhaibayuanlaidedengguangyumiaogaiweiriguangyumiao。muqian,yiweihaidaidedamianjifengshou,kaipilewoguodutedeshengchanfangfa。

woguoshangpinhaidaideshengchanyizhizhixianyuzhangjiangyibeidehuanghaiyanan。weileranghaidaishengchankuaguozhangjiang,1956niancengxianshengdailingyouguankejirenyuanduidonghaiqukaizhanlediaochagongguan,jinxinglehaidainanyidezaipeishiyanbinghuodelechenggong。congershiwoguodehaidaizaipeishiye,beiqiliaoning,nanzhifujian,zaizuguonanbeiguangkuodehaiyushang,congwudaoyou,congxiaodaoda,xingwangdifazhanqilai。weilepeiyangyanhaigeshengdejishuliliang,tayuwuchaozhijiaoshouyiqiyu1958nianzhubianchubanleguojijiandiyibuhaidaizaipeidezhuanzhu《haidaiyangzhixue》。

EBET真人50niandaimoqi,cengxianshengrenshidaoyanhaihaidaishiyedejinyibufazhan,bixuzaipinzhongdegailiangshangmianxiagongfu。congneishiqi,tayutadezhushouyijiyouguanzhuanjiahedanweigongtongnuli,peiyangchuleyouliangdepinzhong,shiwoguozai80niandaichuhaidainianchanliangdadaoganpin20duowandun,zhanquanshijiehaizaoshengchanzongliangdeyibanyishang,minglieshijieqianmao。zaiciqijian,cengxianshenghaiyuyouguanrenyuangongkelezicaimiaozhongyizhimeiyoumiaoyuandenanti,chanmingletongguopeiyangzicaisizhuangtikeyihuodeshengchanshangsuoxudeqiaobaozi。gaichengguocenghuode1956nianzhongkeyuanbanfadezirankexuesandengjiang。yucitongshi,cengxianshengyukejirenyuanyongmaweizaozuocailiaotiqulehezaojiao,congertuidonglewoguodiyigehezaojiaoshengchanchejiandejianli,weiwoguohezaojiaogongyedefazhandiandinglejichu。

70niandaichuqi,cengxianshengkaishilebijiaoguanghezuoyongheguangheshengwujinhuadeyanjiu。tayuzhushoumentongguodaliangdediaocha,bingzaiwoguodexishaqundaoshoucifaxianledanxibaozao——yuanlvzao。tongguoshenrudeyanjiu,bujinjiandingletaduiguangheshengwuxitongfayuguandiandexinnian,erqieyoutaweiciertijiaojijiniandaerwenshishi100zhouniandahuidelunwen,dedaoleyuhuizhedeguangfanzhongshi。cengxianshengzaiwoguohailvxiantichulehaiyangshuichannongmuhuadeyanjiuketi,bingbeizhongkeyuanlieweizhongdiangongguanxiangmu。jinru80niandai,tasuiyinianyuguxi,danrengranbucilaokudiqinzixiahai,weishuichannongmuhuadeshixianshentilixing,qianxinyanjiu。

EBET真人jiefangyilai,cengxianshengcengxianhoufusulian、minzhudeguo、meiguo、riben、yingguodengshijigeguojiajinxingfangwen、jiangxuehecanjiaxueshuhuiyi,bingyizuzhiweiyuanhuizhuxideshenfenyu1983nian6yuezaiqingdaochenggongdizuzhiledishiyijieguojihaizaoxueshutantaohui。cengxianshengcengshiguojihaizaoleixuehuilishizhang、guojihaizaoxiehuiguwenweiyuanhuiweiyuan,beixuduoguowaixuezheyuwei“zhongguodehaizaodawang”。

1980nian1yue8ri,cengxianshengguangrongdijiarulezhongguogongchandang,shixianletaduoniandesuyuan。rudangzhihou,tagengjuedexiangshihuanfaleqingchun,gongzuoqilaijingchangdaoshenye,youshishenzhitongxiaodadan。zaifanmangdeyanjiugongzuozhiwai,tadanrenguo《zhongguodabaikequanshu》haiyangkexuejuandezhubian、《haiyanghehuzhao》he《zhongguohaiyanghuzhaoxuebao》(yingwenban)dezhubian,yijizaiguowaichubande《haiyangzhiwuxue》he《haiyangshengtaixuefazhan》zhongguofangmiandebianwei。taweizuguodehaizaoshiyepeiyangleyidapishuoshiyanjiusheng、boshiyanjiushenghezhuanmenjishurencai。

EBET真人cengxianshengfeichangreaidahai,tabashengmingjituoyudahai,tajuexinweizuguoheshijiedehaiyangkexueshiyefendouzhongsheng。

EBET真人(yishangneironglaizi《ebetzhenrenyingcailu》 p155)

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